Cyprus is not environment friendly ! Here is why…..

Rajib Roy
5 min readJul 12, 2021


Photo by Phil S on Unsplash

Background of Cyprus

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean with a 33 degree longitude and a latitude of 35 degrees, with an average wind speed of 4.30m/s and 5.04m/sat 10m and 50m.

This particular wind speed is regarded as an appropriate speed for installing a wind turbine. In the Paphos District of Cyprus, solar panels are set which implies that the country is upgraded in terms of solar energy and wind energy installation .

Paphos District Solar Panels

In terms of historical background to the integration of windmills, Cyprus has been a user of Windmill for water pumping. It was used in the early 1930s for irrigation purposes and windmills were set up to a large extent in the southeast coastal areas of Cyprus. These windmills were set up mainly to irrigate small plots of vegetables such as cucumber, tomatoes and potatoes. Due to the low price in the oil, the usage of windmills for such purposes declined in the year of 1960es . The main sources by which the wind firms or other energy systems work spontaneously in Cyprus comes directly from Oil and petroleum. For example, 89 % of total electricity generation is made primarily through the imports of fuel oil . At the same time, to the power mix, wind power has rendered 6 % of economic growth as well for the country which is comparatively high in comparison to bio energy and solar energy sources .

Electricity generation Ratio of Cyprus

On the contrary, conducting techno-economic assessment, it is found that eight places in the northern part of Cyprus namely, Ercan, Güzelyurt, Girne, Gazimagusa, Lefkosa, Dipkarpaz, Salamis and YeniBoğaziçi, has the wind power potential. In Lefkosa and Girne, PV plants and 12 MW grid-connected wind farms are feasible to build for producing electricity . At the same time, based on the wind power density value, high capacity wind turbines (MW) are not suitable for electricity production in the Salamis region of Northern Cyprus.

Main Problem

Despite being one of the largest wind farms in Cyprus, Orites has been spotted as the problematic farm. Due to its 41 in total turbines, bird death has exceeded 72 % . Hence, the government of Cyprus should take urgent measures to limit such consequences. The owners of the wind farm have been alerted by the Cyprus government and they have built a lot of equipment in order to limit the risks. For example, planting trees and installing unattractive lights has taken place in order to create safety for the birds. However, the quantity in which the birds are saved will only get clear when a monitoring system will be installed. Although monitoring systems are initiated by the Government and the owners, the birds are eaten before they have even been counted by the system.

The primary problem concerning this particular writing is that the Cyprus government is willing to make as many Wind Turbines as possible to make Cyprus one of the largest wind energy centers. However, it is found that the consequence of conducting such a plan of making extreme numbers of wind turbines can impose a threat to the space of nature. Instead, making a photovoltaic system to the roofs of each household can be used as an alternative in many senses. It will work out in such a manner that the birds and bats who used to get affected a lot by the blade of the wind turbines will not get too close to the roofs most often. Hence, there is a possibility that such an alternative solution can decrease the death ratio of birds and bats. On the other hand, blade less wind turbines can also be useful for Cyprus which may be upgraded with a vibration system and with wind energy absorption increment measures.

The environment in which the Cyprus wind firms belong is quite ideal but installing the better equipment to monitor and reduce bird death seems costly for the Cyprus Government. The region of Cyprus resides in the edges of Mediterranean sea which renders an ideal atmosphere for the birds and for the wind mills. That is why technological equipment and innovative systems related to it are given extreme importance in Cyprus.

Let us see the Solutions

Blade less Turbine Technology

One of the very common problems that the Government has not been tackled responsibly is mitigating the death rate of birds and bats. The death of bats and birds are occurring in the Cyrus region in extreme numbers so in order to mitigate such a problem technological innovation is required. For example, Vortex Blade less turbines have been built as an innovative startup project.

It is reported to absorb energy from winds without sweeping white blades as well . Furthermore, technological innovation has been appraised by Equinor which is an energy company of Norway. It also has the ability to absorb wind energy from a wide range and has a vibrating aspect into it that is one of the unique components. At the same time, the technology has not imposed threats to the bird migration patterns so it would be helpful for Cyprus.

Bladeless Wind Turbine system

Training and partnering with authorities is Important

The energy processing infrastructure of the Wind turbines needs to take place in Cyprus and with the local community, they need to have good rapport . The Wind Energy Technology Office (WETO) invested and assessed environmental impact of the Wind turbines through centralized information hubs named Tethys. At the same time, the officials have integrated cost effective technological interventions in order to minimize extreme wildlife impacts.

The training level programmes must be initiated in Cyprus in such a manner where they can collaborate with concerning bodies. For example, collaborating with the National Wind Coordinating Collaborative (NWCC) will be very appropriate in order to collect information regarding environmental impact imposed by the Wind turbines . This particular association would be beneficial for Cyprus because the NWCC have addressed wind energy development barriers by collaborating with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. To be more specific, the areas which the NWCC have triumphantly dealt with are transmission, wildlife impacts and power markets. Hence, the training programs of Cyprus should be initiated by partnering with such an authority.



Rajib Roy

I am a writer who likes to write about personal experiences, Business, Psychology and Fashion.